This project adheres to Semantic Versioning and human-readable changelog.

This file contains only general overview of the changes in the DebOps project. The detailed changelog can be seen using git log command.

You can read information about required changes between releases in the Upgrade notes documentation.

debops master - unreleased

debops v0.7.2 - 2018-03-28


  • Add missing python-ldap dependency as an APT package in the Dockerfile.

debops v0.7.1 - 2018-03-28


  • New DebOps roles:
    • debops.ansible: install Ansible on a Debian/Ubuntu host using Ansible. The debops.debops role now uses the new role to install Ansible instead of doing it directly.
    • debops.apt_mark: set install state of APT packages (manual/auto) or specify that particular packages should be held in their current state. The role is included in the common.yml playbook.
    • debops.kmod: manage kernel module configuration and module loading at boot time. This role replaces the debops-contrib.kernel_module role.
    • The debops-contrib.etckeeper role has been integrated into DebOps as debops.etckeeper. The new role is included in the common.yml playbook.
  • [debops.ifupdown] The role has new tasks that manage custom hooks in other services. First hook is The filter-dhcp-options hook which can be used to selectively apply DHCP options per network interface.


  • [debops.lxc] The role will now generate the lxc-debops LXC template script from different templates, based on an OS release. This change should help fix the issues with LXC container creation on Debian Stretch.
  • The test suite used on Travis-CI now checks the syntax of the YAML files, as well as Python and shell scripts included in the repository. The syntax is checked using the yamllint, pycodestyle and shellcheck scripts, respectively. Tests can also be invoked separately via the make command.
  • [debops.etherpad] The role can now autodetect and use a PostgreSQL database as a backend database for Etherpad.
  • [debops.pki] The X.509 certificate included in the default domain PKI realm will now have a SubjectAltName wildcard entry for the host's FQDN. This should allow for easy usage of services related to a particular host in the cluster over encrypted connections, for example host monitoring, service discovery, etc. which can be now published in the DNS zone at * resource records.
  • [debops.pki] The role now supports Let's Encrypt ACMEv2 API via the acme-tiny Python script. The existing PKI realms will need to be re-created or updated for the new API to work, new PKI realms should work out of the box. Check the Upgrade notes for more details.
  • [debops.proc_hidepid], [debops.lxc] The roles now use a static GID 70 for the procadmins group to synchronize the access permissions on a host and inside the LXC containers. You will need to remount the filesystems, restart services and LXC containers that rely on this functionality.
  • [debops.sysctl] The configuration of the kernel parameters has been redesigned, instead of being based on YAML dictionaries, is now based on YAML lists of dictionaries and can be easily changed via Ansible inventory. You will need to update your inventory for the new changes to take effect, refer to the role documentation for details.
  • [debops.ferm] The role should now correctly detect what Internet Protocols are available on a host (IPv4, IPv6) and configure firewall only for the protocols that are present.


  • The debops command will now generate the ansible.cfg configuration file with correct path to the Ansible roles provided with the DebOps Python package.
  • [debops.nginx] Fix a long standing bug in the role with Ansible failing during welcome page template generation with Jinja2 >= 2.9.4. It was related to non-backwards compatible change in Jinja that modified how variables are processed in a loop.


  • The debops-contrib.kernel_module Ansible role has been removed; it was replaced by the new debops.kmod Ansible role.
  • [debops.ferm] The ferm-forward hook script in the /etc/network/if-pre-up.d/ directory has been removed (existing instances will be cleaned up). Recent changes in the debops.ferm role broke idempotency with the debops.ifupdown role, and it was determined that the functionality provided by the hook is no longer needed, recent OS releases should deal with it adequately.

debops v0.7.0 - 2018-02-11


  • New Ansible roles have been imported from the debops-contrib organization: apparmor, bitcoind, btrfs, dropbear_initramfs, etckeeper, firejail, foodsoft, fuse, homeassistant, kernel_module, kodi, neurodebian, snapshot_snapper, tor, volkszaehler, x2go_server. They are not yet included in the main playbook and still need to be renamed to fit with the rest of the debops.* roles.

  • New DebOps roles:

    • debops.sysfs: configuration of the Linux kernel attributes through the /sys filesystem. The role is not enabled by default.
    • debops.locales: configure localization and internationalization on a given host or set of hosts.
    • debops.machine: manage the /etc/machine-info file, the /etc/issue file and a dynamic MOTD.
    • debops.proc_hidepid: configure the /proc hidepid= options.
    • debops.roundcube: manage RoundCube Webmail application
    • debops.prosody: configure an xmpp server on a given host
    • debops.sysnews: manage System News bulletin for UNIX accounts
  • You can now use Vagrant to create an Ansible Controller based on Debian Stretch and use it to manage itself or other hosts over the network.

  • You can now build an Ansible Controller with DebOps support as a Docker container. Official Docker image is also available, automatically rebuilt on every commit.

  • You can now install DebOps on Arch Linux using an included PKGBUILD file.

  • Add new playbook, agent.yml. This playbook is executed at the end of the main playbook, and contains applications or services which act as "agents" of other services. They may contact their parent applications to report about the state of the host they are executed on, therefore the agents are installed and configured at the end of the main playbook.

  • [debops.libvirtd] The role can now detect if nested KVM is enabled in a particular virtual machine and install KVM support.

    [debops.nodejs] The debops.nodejs role can now install Yarn package manager using its upstream APT repository (not enabled by default).

  • DebOps roles and playbooks can now be tested using local or remote GitLab CI instance, with Vagrant, KVM and LXC technologies and some custom scripts.

  • DebOps roles and playbooks will be included in the Python packages released on PyPI. This will allow for easier installation of DebOps via pip (no need to download the roles and playbooks separately) as well as simple stable releases. The DebOps monorepo can still be installed separately.


  • [debops-tools] The debops-update script will now install or update the DebOps monorepo instead of separate debops-playbooks and DebOps roles git repositories. Existing installations shouldn't be affected.

  • [debops-tools] The debops script will now include the DebOps monorepo roles and playbooks in the generated ansible.cfg configuration. The monorepo roles and playbooks are preferred over the old debops-playbooks ones.

    The script is backwards compatible and should work correctly with or without the debops-playbooks repository and roles installed.

  • The project repository is tested using pycodestyle for compliance with Python's PEP8 Style Guide.

  • [debops.nodejs] The npm package has been removed from Debian Stable. The role will now install NPM using the GitHub source, unless upstream NodeJS is enabled, which includes its own NPM version.

  • [debops.gunicorn] Update the role to work correctly on Debian Stretch and newer releases. The support for multiple gunicorn instances using custom Debian scripts has been removed in Debian Stretch, therefore the role replaces it with its own setup based on systemd instances.

  • [debops.gitlab_runner] The GitLab Runner playbook is moved to the agent.yml playbook; it will be executed at the end of the main playbook and should that way include correct information about installed services.

  • Improved Python 3 support in the DebOps scripts and throughout the playbooks/roles. DebOps should now be compatible with both Python versions.


  • [DebOps playbooks] Remove the Ansible filter plugin, it is now included in the Ansible core distribution.
  • [debops.console] Remove the locales configuration from the 'debops.console' role, this functionality has been moved to the new 'debops.locales' role. You will need to update the Ansible inventory variables to reflect the changes.
  • [debops.console] Remove management of the /etc/issue and /etc/motd files from the debops.console role. That functionality is now available in the debops.machine role. You will need to update the Ansible inventory variables to reflect the changes.
  • [debops.console] Management of the /proc hidepid= option has been moved to a new role, debops.proc_hidepid. You will need to update the Ansible inventory variables to reflect the changes.
  • [debops.console] Management of the System News using the sysnews Debian package has been removed from the role; it's now available as a separate debops.sysnews Ansible role. You will need to update the Ansible inventory variables related to System News due to this changes.

debops v0.6.0 - 2017-10-21


  • Various repositories that comprise the DebOps project have been merged into a single monorepo which will be used as the main development repository. Check the git log for information about older releases of DebOps roles and/or playbooks.