Getting started

Example usage in other Ansible roles

The debops.global_handlers role does not have its own Ansible playbook. It is meant to be used by importing it in other Ansible roles:

- name: Import DebOps global handlers
    name: 'global_handlers'

Afterwards, the role can notify the known handlers in its tasks. The handlers will be executed in the order defined in the debops.global_handlers role, notification order in the calling roles does not matter.

Common use case for this "pattern" is adding conf.d/ configuration snippets to services maintained by other roles - this sometimes requires a given service to be restarted to enable new configuration. With the handlers always available, the "application" role can modify its own configuration and restart the external service without the need to involve its corresponding role in its entirety. For example, let's add a custom rsyslog configuration and restart the service on any changes:

- name: Add ryslog configuration snippet
    src: 'etc/rsyslog.d/application.conf.j2'
    dest: '/etc/rsyslog.d/application.conf'
    mode: '0644'
  notify: [ 'Check and restart rsyslogd' ]
  when: (ansible_local.rsyslog.installed | d()) | bool

Ansible will restart the rsyslog daemon on any changes as long as the configuration is parsed correctly. Note that the task will only be executed if the debops.rsyslog role has been used on the host to configure the rsyslog service, which is indicated by a custom Ansible local fact - if that is not the case, or the rsyslog service has been uninstalled in the meantime, the task and the handlers will be skipped automatically.

How to add new handlers

If a given Ansible role provides handlers for its service(s), they should be put in a separate handlers/<role_name>.yml file in the debops.global_handlers role. This file can then be imported in the handlers/main.yml file in a specific place to ensure the desired order of service notifications.

The handlers should not use the role default variables from its role directly because they might not be available at all times. Some handlers may use variables in the handlers__* role namespace to lookup information from the secret/ directory maintained by the debops.secret role, but it should be avoided if possible. If handers depend on the information from the remote hosts passed via register variables, the command that registered them needs to be a part of the "handler chain" which notifies subsequent handlers on changes.

If a service is optional or may not be available on a host, the service role should provide an ansible_local.<role>.installed or similar boolean Ansible local fact. This fact can then be checked by a given handler to determine if the service is available and can be acted upon.

If a role has an internal handlers/main.yml file with additional handlers defined within, they will be executed before the handlers defined in the debops.global_handlers role. In some cases this might result in a wrong execution order, therefore roles can create copies of needed handlers as necessary. Copied handlers need to have unique names to not clash with their originals.