Getting started

Useful variables

This is a list of role variables which your most likely want to define in Ansible inventory to customize OpenSSH server:

sshd__whitelist / sshd__group_whitelist / sshd__host_whitelist
Lists which contain IP addresses or CIDR subnets that are permitted to connect to OpenSSH without restrictions or firewall limits. Adding entries here will not impose additional restrictions, unlike using sshd__*_allow lists.
sshd__known_hosts / sshd__group_known_hosts / sshd__host_known_hosts

You can add here lists of FQDN hostnames which should be added to systemwide /etc/ssh/ssh_known_hosts file. For example, setting:

sshd__known_hosts: [ '' ]

will add GitHub SSH fingerprint and allow you to clone git repositories over SSH with proper host authentication, without need to ignore host fingerprints.


Boolean. If True, role will enable lookup of SSH public keys in external authentication databases, like LDAP. This might require additional configuration using sshd__ldap_* variables.

LDAP key lookup depends on system-wide LDAP configuration in /etc/ldap/ldap.conf, which can be performed (at the moment) using debops.auth role.

Example inventory

debops.sshd role is part of the common.yml DebOps playbook. It will be executed automatically on every host managed by DebOps.

Example playbook

If you are using this role without DebOps, here's an example Ansible playbook that uses the debops.sshd role:


- name: Manage OpenSSH Server
  hosts: [ 'debops_all_hosts', 'debops_service_sshd' ]
  become: True

  environment: '{{ inventory__environment | d({})
                   | combine(inventory__group_environment | d({}))
                   | combine(inventory__host_environment  | d({})) }}'


    - role: debops.apt_preferences
      tags: [ 'role::apt_preferences' ]
        - '{{ sshd__apt_preferences__dependent_list }}'

    - role: debops.ferm
      tags: [ 'role::ferm' ]
        - '{{ sshd__ferm__dependent_rules }}'

    - role: debops.tcpwrappers
      tags: [ 'role::tcpwrappers' ]
        - '{{ sshd__tcpwrappers__dependent_allow }}'

    - role: debops.sshd
      tags: [ 'role::sshd' ]

Ansible tags

You can use Ansible --tags or --skip-tags parameters to limit what tasks are performed during Ansible run. This can be used after host is first configured to speed up playbook execution, when you are sure that most of the configuration has not been changed.

Available role tags:

Main role tag, should be used in the playbook to execute all of the role tasks as well as role dependencies.
Execute tasks related to sshd configuration file.
Scan specified host fingerprints and add them to system-wide known_hosts.