Getting started

Overview and terminology

The following layers are involved in configuring an encrypted filesystem using block device encryption:

  1. Ciphertext block device: This can be any block device or partition on a block device. It can also be a regular file which will be mapped to a block device using loop by cryptsetup.
  2. Plaintext device mapper target: Created by dm-crypt under /dev/mapper/. Opening this layer is called "mapping" or "decrypting" which means making the plaintext device mapper target available by loading and keeping the master key for the block cypher in volatile memory (RAM).
  3. Plaintext mount point of the filesystem: Where the plaintext files can be accessed. Opening this layer is called "mounting".

Example inventory

To configure encrypted filesystems on host given in debops_service_cryptsetup Ansible inventory group:

[debops_service_cryptsetup]
hostname

Example playbook

If you are using this role without DebOps, here's an example Ansible playbook that uses the debops.cryptsetup role:

---

- name: Setup and manage encrypted filesystems
  hosts: [ 'debops_service_cryptsetup' ]
  become: True

  environment: '{{ inventory__environment | d({})
                   | combine(inventory__group_environment | d({}))
                   | combine(inventory__host_environment  | d({})) }}'

  roles:

    - role: debops.cryptsetup
      tags: [ 'role::cryptsetup' ]

If you are using this role without DebOps, here's an example Ansible playbook that uses debops.cryptsetup together with the debops.persistent_paths role:

---

- name: Setup and manage encrypted filesystems and ensure persistence
  hosts: [ 'debops_service_cryptsetup_persistent_paths' ]
  become: True

  environment: '{{ inventory__environment | d({})
                   | combine(inventory__group_environment | d({}))
                   | combine(inventory__host_environment  | d({})) }}'

  roles:

    - role: debops.cryptsetup
      tags: [ 'role::cryptsetup' ]

    - role: debops.persistent_paths
      tags: [ 'role::persistent_paths' ]
      persistent_paths__dependent_paths: '{{ cryptsetup__persistent_paths__dependent_paths }}'

Ansible tags

You can use Ansible --tags or --skip-tags parameters to limit what tasks are performed during Ansible run. This can be used after a host is first configured to speed up playbook execution, when you are sure that most of the configuration is already in the desired state.

Available role tags:

role::cryptsetup
Main role tag, should be used in the playbook to execute all of the role tasks as well as role dependencies.
role::cryptsetup:backup
LUKS header backup related tasks.

debops.persistent_paths support

In case the host in question happens to be a TemplateBasedVM on Qubes OS or another system where persistence is not the default, it should be absent in debops_service_cryptsetup and instead be added to the debops_service_cryptsetup_persistent_paths Ansible inventory group so that the changes can be made persistent:

[debops_service_cryptsetup_persistent_paths]
hostname

Besides that, the cryptsetup__base_packages are expected to be present (typically installed in the TemplateVM).

Note that even if the same filesystem is bind mounted to different locations they are considered different file systems by mv which would case it fall back to content copying instead of just metadata updating. Be sure to always access the plaintext mount point by one path if you care about this. So either cryptsetup__mountpoint_parent_directory or /rw/bind-dirs/media/ on Qubes OS.